Friday, September 21, 2018


"War Is Not Healthy For Children & Other Living Things" for War is really Hell and War is Immoral.
You can't pretty it up by ignoring the truth. Bombs kill men, women, children, animals and plants; lots of them!
Because of War, all of our lives would have been totally wasted because nothing, would have ever been gained by our deaths.
We owe it to our sons and daughters and grandchildren, and their grandchildren, to leave the truth about War just the way it is.
As we need to remind them all daily that “War Is Not Healthy For Children & Other Living Things”. PEACE! 


Thursday, September 20, 2018


This photo was taken today of a major rock slide in Arizona. Sources have confirmed once they removed the boulder they found the remains of a coyote underneath holding a "STOP LOOK UP" sign. Witnesses say they then saw a roadrunner speeding away quickly from the scene just after impact. Beep beep...

Wednesday, September 19, 2018


Yes, the horrors of Vietnam, as the poor and middle class fought in it and the Rich could get deferred.
As my best example Cadet Bone Spurs Trump, who was deferred and deferred and deferred as he was in college, sort of.
Yet 60,000 of the western allies were killed and at least1,000,000 Vietnamese were killed and for what?
Now we are allies and is it just to piss off the Chinese...?
So back to the current lack of CONSCRIPTION;
if every one on your block had a Son or a Daughter over there and over time a few kids on each block were being Wounded Mentally/Physically or were to come home in a Box.
WAR remember that waveing of the flag adventure?
Well it would stop just like after WW1 and WW2. As the folks who came home from those mass slaughters. Well, they had their taste for WAR blunted because everyone was in it.
Trust me folks it would STOP soon enough as a National tragedy of it all would have been felt by everyone!
For WAR it is not a video game or the perfect news sound bite.
WAR in reality is just a vast human consuming open air factory where the hours are long, unions are not permitted, with safety conditions which are routinely flouted and people’s lives wasted for at times neither Good or Bad!
Case in point, "No more People Have Died", on this planet then they would have died naturally, if they were not killed in a War.
Remember once your in the military the only thing the military cannot do to you; is eat you, as that is against the Law!
A written thought from an R.C A.F. Vet, Richard Abbenbroek...
P.S. my Favorite WW2 Pilot Guy Gibson died 74 years ago today.

Tuesday, September 18, 2018


When my wife Joyce was alive, we both had dream singers. Mine was U Ms. Martina McBride and Joyce's choice was Conway Twitty. Now Joyce was called home in May 2014 and she gets to listen I suppose to Conway all day long every day, live is my guess. Martina your married and happily, which is a good thing. As for me I miss Joyce most of all, "LOVE THE ONE YOUR WITH!"

P.S. Ms. McBride, I did get to shake your Left hand in Calgary the same year. I almost fainted and I am older than you Martina and yes I think Joyce pushed me into position as you were leaving the stage. Joyce would have also asked, so Dear when do you plan on washing that hand again??

Joyce, a Tear forms Every Day,
From me,
Your Richard...

Monday, September 17, 2018


Just imagine, it late at night and someone breaks into Richard's house. Richard has his new 9mm Beretta ready to go but it matters not, as the intruder can not turn any light switch on to see what the heck is making that deep breathing sound? Every now and then he also thinks he sees a rope flick in the darkness like an annoyed kitty would make but a kitty that big??
Kitties ears are in the back position, claws stretching out and in, muscles coiled powerfully taught as Kitty is very territorial and takes good care of his human Richard.
The home invasion person now knows what the moving rope and deep breathing is, as 1+1 = and too late! 
KITTY by Sir Richard...




With Love to you all and all that heaven will allow, I pray - from, Sir Richard...
P.S. did you know that Hallelujah is a Hebrew word meaning “Praise Yahweh!” - “Praise GOD”, Amen?
Sir Richard's Blog

Saturday, September 15, 2018

When the founders of the U.S. Constitution in 1787 considered whether America should let the people elect their president through a popular vote, James Madison said that "Negroes" in the South presented a "difficulty of a serious nature."
During that same speech on Thursday, July 19, Madison instead proposed a prototype for the same Electoral College system the country uses today. Each state has a number of electoral votes roughly proportioned to population and the candidate who wins the majority of votes wins the election.
Since then, the Electoral College system has cost four candidates the race after they received the popular vote most recently in 2000, when Al Gore lost to George W. Bush. Such anomalies and other criticisms have pushed 10 Democratic states to enroll in a popular vote system. And while there are many grievances about the Electoral College, one that's rarely addressed is one dug up by an academic of the Constitution: that it was created to protect slavery, planting the roots of a system that's still oppressive today.
"It's embarrassing," said Paul Finkelman, visiting law professor at University of Saskatchewan in Canada. "I think if most Americans knew what the origins of the Electoral College is, they would be disgusted."
Madison, now known as the "Father of the Constitution," was a slave-owner in Virginia, which at the time was the most populous of the 13 states if the count included slaves, who comprised about 40 percent of its population.
During that key speech at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Madison said that with a popular vote, the Southern states, "could have no influence in the election on the score of Negroes."
Madison knew that the North would outnumber the South, despite there being more than half a million slaves in the South who were their economic vitality, but could not vote. His proposition for the Electoral College included the "three-fifths compromise," where black people could be counted as three-fifths of a person, instead of a whole. This clause garnered the state 12 out of 91 electoral votes, more than a quarter of what a president needed to win.
"None of this is about slaves voting," said Finkelman, who wrote a paper on the origins of the Electoral College for a symposium after Gore lost. "The debates are in part about political power and also the fundamental immorality of counting slaves for the purpose of giving political power to the master class."
He said the Electoral College's three-fifths clause enabled Thomas Jefferson, who owned more than a hundred slaves, to beat out in 1800 John Adams, who was opposed to slavery, since the South had a stronghold.
While slavery was abolished, and the Civil War led to citizenship and voting rights for black people, the Electoral College remained intact. Another law professor, who has also written that the Constitution is pro-slavery, argues that it gave states the autonomy to introduce discriminatory voting laws, despite the Voting Rights Act of 1965 that was built to prevent it.
In 2013, the Supreme Court freed nine states, mostly in the South, from the stipulation in the Voting Rights Act that said they could only change voter laws with the approval of the federal government.
"A more conservative Supreme Court has been unwinding what the [other] court did," said Juan Perea, a law Professor of Loyola University Chicago. "State by state, that lack of supervision and lack of uniformity operates to preserve a lot of inequality."
In July, a federal appeals court struck down a voter ID law in Texas, ruling that it discriminated against black and Latino voters by making it harder for them to access ballots. Two weeks later, another federal appeals court ruled that North Carolina, a key swing state, had imposed voting provisions that "target African Americans with almost surgical precision."
And for this presidential election, 15 states will have new voting restrictions, such as ones that require government-issued photo identification at the polls or reduce the number of hours the polls are open.
"The ability of states to make voting more difficult is directly tied to the legacy of slavery," Perea said. "And that ability to make voting more difficult is usually used to disenfranchise people of color."
The National Popular Vote Interstate Compact has gained traction, but for reasons more related to the anomaly of the Gore-Bush election. Assemblyman Jeffrey Dinowitz championed legislation in New York that brought the state into the compact and was asked by the NewsHour Weekend why the movement is important.
"We are the greatest democracy on the planet, and it seems to me that in the greatest democracy, the person who gets the most votes should win the election," said Dinowitz. "We're one country, North, South, East and West. One country. The votes of every single person in the country should be equal. And right now, the votes are not equal. Some states your vote is more important than in other states."
New York overwhelmingly agreed on his bill in 2014, joining nine other states and Washington, D.C. Together, they have 165 electoral votes. If they gain a total of 270 the majority needed to elect a President the nation will move to a popular vote.
Not all academics agree that slavery was the driving force behind the Electoral College, though most agree there's a connection which both Perea and Finkelman say they know it is not the most prominent argument for the push toward a popular vote.
"But it is a vestige that has never been addressed," Perea said.

In light of this more complete (if less flattering) account of the electoral college in the late 18th and early 19th century, Americans should ask themselves whether they want to maintain this odd; dare I say, peculiar Institution in the 21st century?

Wednesday, September 12, 2018


For mag entry try either link to "A DARK SECRET":…
At the height of the Cold War, a plot surfaced in the Bow Valley. The plan was to build a high-tech, ultra-secure storage facility overlooking Lac des Arcs in the heart of Mt. McGillivray. It was an ambitious idea, and, given the paranoia about nuclear war, it probably made good sense. But today, it is simply an oddity.
The scheme failed but not before workers had dug a tunnel into the north-facing slope of McGillivray, along with a handful of chambers, as part of what was envisioned as an extensive network of vaults that would protect the most important documents of the day. Often believed to have been dug as a secure archive by the Canadian government, the cavern had, in fact, been opened by a private company, Rocky Mountain Vaults & Archives.
According to Alberta Sustainable Resource Development, the company obtained two licenses from the Alberta government in 1969 – one for use of the caverns as a vault and the other for access – but it is believed that the tunneling began much earlier, although no firm date has yet been found.
Rocky Mountain Vaults & Archives saw Mt. McGillivray as the perfect location for an underground fortress as it promised to provide “absolute security for vital records,” according to a brochure promoting its idea. It was a hefty promise but a logical one given its location 500 feet beneath the mountain’s western slope.
“Here, deep inside a mountain, is the world’s near perfect archive. Physically perfect…functionally perfect, built for maximum protection against any form of destructive vice, from mildew to hydrogen bomb. The remarkable limestone vaults have no security limitations. They are: Fireproof, floodproof, windproof, rodentproof, mildewproof, cave-inproof, bombproof, theftproof,” RMVA bragged in its brochure.
Along with the high level of protection, the company also envisioned white-painted walls, fresh air piped in to provide ideal document storage conditions, private vaults, an entrance portal, a lounge and a three food wide reinforced sliding concrete door along with 24-hour security personnel.
The company’s long-term goal was to offer a facility that would allow businesses and government to start over after the world had erupted into chaos.
“In the event of a catastrophic happening, whether localized or widespread, man-made or from natural perils, many of these data and documents must be protected and preserved in order for business in general to survive and successfully recover from any major disaster.
“With this in mind, Rocky Mountain Vaults & Archives Ltd. has planned a vault storage area designed to eliminate many of the problems associated with safekeeping and industry and government in the event of a catastrophe.”
It was an audacious and pessimistic plan and the brochure itself edges towards the ridiculous with a simple childlike cut-away drawing of the proposed vault system and a second diagram of men in cardigan sweaters sitting in an underground reception room smoking cigars and pipes.
While the brochure provides much of the context, the only way to get a sense of the audaciousness of the plan is to walk through the cave opening and enter the tunnel carved into the grey limestone cliff.
Once inside and out of the wind, the air grows warmer, while further into the tunnel, the light and the hum of traffic on the Trans-Canada Highway, as it curves around Lac des Arcs, begins to fade.
Enough light, however, filters down the tunnel to reveal the end of the tunnel and where a new passage opens to the left. But turn and walk into the first chamber, and the light quickly vanishes becoming as dark as a mine shaft, as only a cave can get.
But with a strong flashlight it’s easy to pierce the darkness and discover the first of two 80-foot by 25-foot caverns, along with what might have been the reception lounge. The floor is flat but not smooth, and the sound of water dripping onto stone can be heard somewhere in the blackness.
It’s big, it’s dark, but what does the cavern mean to us today?
When it was being constructed on the 127 acres of land leased from the Alberta government in what is believed the late-1950s, Bob Smith, a long-time local who now lives in Canmore, said that when locals heard what was going on 100 feet above Lac des Arcs, they laughed, shook their heads and carried on.
It was the late ’50s, early ’60s when the Cold War was really fizzy. When everybody was panicking and building bomb shelters and so on down in the States, and this guy thought it would be just great to have this for all the banks and the government and so on to put all their important papers in,” Smith said in an interview.
“I remember at the time everybody laughed; this is great we’re going to put all of our valuable documents in there and after we’re vaporized we’ll be safe. Everybody thought the whole things was a farce.”
This grand farce was even featured on Canadian Learning Television when the vault appeared in a 2006 episode Underground, part of Exhibit Eh!, a series of programs produced by Delta, B-based Big Red Barn Entertainment that sought out strange Canadian stories an Mysteries.
Smith appeared in that episode alongside the vaults guiding the program’s hosts into the depths where four stumps sat around an old fire – a far cry from the illustration of the men in their cardigans.
While it is easy to poke fun at the vault, Dene Cooper, an Exshaw resident and passionate historian, said it is an example of how the world was coping with the anxiety of living in a nuclear age.
“It was a world coming to grips with the potential of nuclear conflict in North America for the first time,” he said. “I think we’ve forgotten what the Cuban Missile Crisis was about. Now (the cavern) looks weird because it is no longer that time. It is hard to realize just how paranoid the social thinking was at that point.”
Cooper said he believes the vault failed because of a lack of financing and moisture in the caverns. Even though the enterprise did fail, what remains of the Rocky Mountain Vaults & Archives has left the Bow Valley with an indelible record of the Cold War. And it is a record that obviously has much appeal, given the number of visitors the vault appears to get and the quantity of modern-day artefacts left lying around.
A campfire marked by a circle of stones can still be found inside the cavern, while the flattened metal cups that hold tea candles litter the floor. On a smooth part of the limestone wall near the entrance, someone has traced their hand in pencil and then added an extra finger. Below that, a fin-backed monster appears to be crushing or eating a stick man. Outside the cave mouth is another fire ring and a single beer can with the telltale puncture hole near the bottom of the can.
While all of these elements add another layer to what is already a strange story and a strange place, an odd melancholy arises upon seeing such a bold idea reduced to something weird and creepy.
But it certainly gives the Bow Valley a good story.
Keep in mind that the vault is part of the Bow Valley Wildland Park, and, according to Steve Donelon, heritage protection team leader for Alberta Tourism, Parks and Recreation, it is protected under Alberta’s Provincial Park Act.
“Why it is there is beyond me. I find it very odd,” he said.
Rob Alexander
Rob is a writer, journalist, photographer and historian based in Calgary and author of “The History of Canmore,” published by Summerthought Publishing of Banff, AB.

This story was posted by Sir Richard...
NOTE: when I was young, a group of us drove a VW into this cave easily. It is now hidden by trees that have grown taller since 1978. The above Photo was taken by Sir Richard:

Monday, September 10, 2018


1989 – “Listen, and understand, because you abducted Richard’s youngest daughter. That he is mad as hell and what has surprised us all, he has acted really fast hunting for you out here. One thing for sure is; he can't be bargained with. He can't be reasoned with. For what you did he doesn't feel pity, or remorse, or fear and he will absolutely not stop, ever, until he recovers his child. Then he will do whatever it takes to try & see that you’re locked up behind bars for a very long, long time!”

As always, it’s hard to decide where I should start and at the same time very easy for it’s all there. All the memories - pain, fear, stress etc. - are just a recalled flashback away!
My story started simply enough: a failing marriage with a spouse who threatened to leave at any moment and with the spoken and unspoken threat of, “when I leave you will also never see your daughter again!”

Boom! It happened and as I was too close to realize it, or I did not want to believe, for I was taken by surprise!
I shall not go into the reasons or the mental avalanche that I went through. It was hard 29 years ago, for as a male I was told by one Police Officer; “To be happy, that since the old lady and kid were gone, why I don’t go have a beer?”
At the same time I am a male and the stigma of my gender and at that time, people thought I must have done something wrong to bring this about. Hey, you’re a male, just for that alone, you probably deserve it!
The fact is that I did not deserve it and no one, female or male deserves it, ever!!

My main concern was for my child. Remember the issues that I did not go into? Well they were many and safety of my daughter was paramount. This person did not take and deny me my daughter because she wanted exclusivity. She took her to extract some sort of warped infliction of pain on me. The proof of this is that in the 29 years plus since I got my child back, she has never tried once to see our daughter. Not that you cannot find me either, as I am not that hard to find or that she was denied visitation, just unsupervised visitation.

For the parents like me who have lived through this hell, they know what I am talking about. We are all members of an exclusive club (family if you like), that has the highest entrance dues imaginable: the temporary or permanent loss of your own child. Imagine that your own flesh and blood child taken due to whatever horror that one can come up with.

After my youngest daughter was returned to me I wanted to repay those who helped me, through all of this!
Eric Sommerfeldt at Child Find Alberta listened to all my rants, frustrations and pain; he did so with Great Patience during all hours, many days and through many tears.
Even through hard work and a steep learning curve for myself, in a system that at that time had all the odds stacked against me.
I was blessed with the return of my youngest daughter.
Mostly I had help through prayer, my co-workers, family, friends, lawyers, judges, even police and many people who I would never have met if not for this tragedy.

For back then, I had made 2 promises to the GOD, that if my prayers were answered and my daughter was returned to me safe and sound, then I would make sure that no one I ever came across would have to go through this horror the hard way, like I did. Promise 2, is that I would also become a follower of Jesus Christ.

From 1989 to 1991, I helped out with finger printing other people’s kids for Child Find Alberta. That was nice and my youngest daughter had fun helping out as well. It was not really what I wanted to do though and it did not fill the parameters of my self – made promise.
I nagged and nagged the Child Find Alberta Office and In 1991 I became a card carrying volunteer of Child Find Alberta.

I was trained by Dave Credland to be a volunteer Case Manager for parents of all missing children. I am on call 24 hours a day and seven days a week, for Alberta, British Columbia, N.W.T.'s and the Yukon.

At the time I assisted parents in exploring their options to locate their children. Giving them emotional support while and taking their information for Child Find Alberta, for essentially I am just a good listener.
Though I am not a trained social worker/psychiatrist or lawyer, what I do let them know is that I am a parent. Who like them, has already gone through the same fog of despair of a missing child. I give them my hand and together, we walk as far as we can.

After I gathered the necessary information I send it to the full time week day Staff and Investigative Unit via whatever means possible. From that point the full time week day, Case Managers then set up appointments and started the process to hopefully recover the Missing Child.

Since then, I have taken 300 plus calls all hours of the day and night and in some of the strangest places.
Once, I was out of town and on a power pole assisting in the installation of a new power line to my family’s new garage. I was passed up a cell phone by my sister with a distressed parent of a Missing Child on the other end. I relied on my memory of the conversation to write my report. At that time of Child Find Alberta’s operations, I was afraid that I would lose the call, if I moved or hung up for a moment. So I stayed on my power pole and the bonus was that I also had a great view of the Rockies!

One of my scariest calls and we all have one, is a call that I received at 3 AM from a young man who informed me that he had run away from out of province and he had just arrived in Calgary. He went on to inform me that he was getting no help from anyone even though he was a reported “runaway”. The Police and drop in centres would not help him and I was his last resort!
With help from my late wife Joyce I was able to contact the Calgary City Police Services and they were going to send a car around to this young man.

He threatened suicide if I did not come down to where he was and help him out. I explained that I could not come down to where he was and that the Police would soon be there to help him out. Then he abruptly said well, “That’s it!” “Thanks for nothing!” “My death will be on your hands” and he hung up.
We both (my wife and I), sat there in the dark enveloped in the chilling silence and just did not know what to do.
The Police dispatch said that a car was to be dispatched but how long would that take and was this young man still at that location??

Both my wife and I just stared at each other and I was torn about going to him or not but that was not in my training, as I had done all that I could do.
I did not sleep much that night and the next day I was informed by Dave Credland that when the Police arrived at that young man’s location.
That there was not just one young person there, like we thought but also several others. Who, if I ignored my training and went to personally assist him, they would have promptly mugged and robbed me for my efforts. This young man not only was a runaway from out of province but one with a long list of outstanding violent arrest warrants to his credit.

These are again just two of my bizarre stories that we, who do this kind of volunteer work sometimes come across.
Through all of these calls and experiences I was lucky enough to keep my promises.
Which again was to make sure that no-one whom I ever came across, would have to go through this horror the hard way, alone like I once did.

I then had the honour in March 2003 to be chosen to attend training and become a member of an organization called Team H.O.P.E. (Help Offering Parents Empowerment) for 10 years (2003-2013) I was a volunteer for the National Centre for Missing and Exploited Children's Team HOPE (Help Offering Parents Empowerment). Since then combined with Child Find Alberta work I made nightly calls to over 408 Parents and assist them in the recovery of their Missing Children, again starting with Child Find Alberta and then through Team Hope of the National Center of Missing and Exploited Children. The NCMEC is the U.S.-based centre that was co-founded by Patti Wetterling, Abby Potash and John Walsh of America's Most Wanted after the murder of his son Adam.

I took all calls related to Missing Children, North America & International. I was able to handle these through the extensive training that I received. Also I was proudly part of the team called the “Grief Busters”, which is Team H.O.P.E.’s most western group of volunteers.
From which, I have brought these new skills to Child Find Alberta and I use them regularly. For I now have more knowledge to offer and I am making great headway to keeping my self-made promise. For my promise continues and will probably continue till I do not.

Also in 2004, I became a Christian at Centre Street Church, to keep my second part of my 2 promises. From here at Centre Street I again volunteered and I was able to take the little bit of computer knowledge and use it to help build a Computer Lab at the High School in KwaZulu-Natal Province, Bhekulwandle South Africa.

Through Samaritan’s Purse Canada, I went to the Gulf of Mexico (Mississippi & Louisiana) and I assisted in the recovery of 70 Hurricane Katrina ravaged homes.

I am very proud of all this and I am also in awe at how far I have come since I was the very distraught parent of Missing Child 29 plus years ago.

P.S. I have forgiven the abductor in the name of JESUS CHRIST but she has not tried to see her daughter in nearly 30 years. Probably never will and I will forgive her but I can never forget.

Written and Photo by Richard Abbenbroek.

Monday, September 3, 2018


Much has been written about the Avro Lancaster in wartime service; therefore the purpose of this web document is to focus on the Canadian Lancaster Mk X in its peacetime role as both a Maritime Reconnaissance and Maritime Patrol (MR and MP) aircraft. This includes a detailed listing of the electronics and photographic suite fitted on these variants.
In the late 1940's, the international situation was again changing with an increase in tension between East and West, culminating in the Berlin Airlift of 1948 and what Winston Churchill christened as "The Iron Curtain." Canada reacted in several ways, one of which was the modification of seventy Lancasters to become Maritime Reconnaissance and later Maritime Patrol aircraft primarily for use in an anti-submarine role. This involved the installation of radar and sonobuoy operator positions and the removal of the mid-upper gun turret. A 400 gallon fuel tank was placed in the bomb-bay to increase the Lanc's patrol range but at a reduced capacity for ordnance. As well, provisions were made for a full time co-pilot, and a cooking stove was installed in the centre section. Upgraded electronics and instrumentation completed the conversion. Referred to as Lancaster 10MR and later as 10MP aircraft, they served throughout the 1950s until they were replaced by the Lockheed Neptune.

By the early 1950s it was apparent that the Cold War would continue into the foreseeable future. Submarines of the Soviet Navy were increasingly becoming a major threat to countries of the NATO alliance, and it was urgent that Canada's Maritime Forces be strengthened and provided with up-to-date equipment. This proved to be a period when Canada's defence expenditures increased dramatically; airfields were modernized, squadrons were reactivated, and new aircraft were ordered.
In 1952, the existing squadrons 404, 405, and the recently-reactivated 407 in Comox, B.C. were all equipped with the Lancaster Mark X. This aircraft type, which had been a mainstay of Bomber Command during the war, was still equipped with its wartime H2S radar, which had been augmented by the CRT-1 sonobuoy system. The aging Lancasters were becoming harder and harder to maintain, and the supply of spares was drying up. Their crews were at a distinct disadvantage when exercising with other forces, let alone when attempting to carry out their own operational commitments.
The Lancaster Mk X was the Canadian-built version of the Avro Lancaster Mk I, and was manufactured by Victory Aircraft at Malton, Ontario. Canadian production totaled 430 aircraft. The Lanc was structurally identical to its British counterpart with the exception of the US-built Packard-Merlin engines and avionics. Two hundred and thirty-one Lancasters saw postwar service with the RCAF. Fifty-three aircraft were modified from wartime stock to the 10MR variant.
This extract from the document "Early Cold War Anti-Submarine Warfare Development in Canada" by Leo Pettipas outlines equipment evolution in the MP Lanc.

"From the outset, the ASW Lancasters, designated 10MR, were fitted with British H2S radar, a proven piece of equipment carried by ASW aircraft later on in WWII. With progressive research and development during the post-war period, better anti-submarine detection devices became available and by the mid-‘50s the H2S radar had been replaced with the American high definition AN/APS-33 radar, a good example of an evolutionary response to the snorkel detection problem. The passive AN/CRT-1 sonobuoys, coupled with the AN/ARR-3 receiver system, were fitted to the 10MR Lancasters, as was a rear-facing F24 camera. Also carried was a wire recorder to preserve proof of detection and kill when used in conjunction with the sonobuoy receiver. Such recordings were also useful in evaluating attacks and in crew training. To facilitate visual search, the nose (bomb-aimer’s) position retained the standard clear bubble, complemented by plexiglass blisters on both sides of the cockpit canopy and convex cylindrical lookout windows on both sides of the rear fuselage just forward of the tailplanes. To enhance its range and endurance, the fuel capacity of the Lancaster 10MR was complemented with a 400-gallon auxiliary fuel tank in the bomb bay.
Actually, the early Lancaster 10MRs can in some respects, be regarded as retrogressive or devolutionary in that other useful (and available) devices, including magnetic anomaly detection gear and the searchlight, both of which had been used effectively during the War, were not fitted. For night-time illumination, the Lancasters were supplied with hand-launched flares rather than searchlights.

The activation of the system went as follows: When an attack was being carried out on a contact, the radar operator ordered illumination at the appropriate distance. In the rear of the aircraft, members of the crew, usually three or four ‘bodies’ that weren't otherwise engaged, would stand around a tube with an inside diameter of about two inches, each clutching several small flares. The chute had a device which ignited the flares as they passed through. Just in case one didn't ignite, a broomstick (standard issue for each aircraft) was used to clear the launch tube. The idea was that twelve of these small flares had to be burning at any one time in order for the target to be properly illuminated. The crewmen desperately flung flares down the chute until the attack was completed or a stoppage was encountered. The adoption of this cumbersome procedure rather than the searchlight that could be activated with the flick of a switch, along with the absence of MAD gear in the Lancaster, represent examples of devolution in technology and technique in the early post-war RCAF.
In the spring of 1954, a Lancaster described as “a marvel of electronics” arrived at Station Greenwood. It is surmised that this machine was used as a test bed by 404 Squadron’s Test and Evaluation Flight. The nature of the new equipment is not specified in the available literature, but judging from the date it probably included the Canadian-designed AN/UPD-501 ECM direction-finder that permitted passive detection of radar emissions and homing the source as well. The AN/APS-33 radar and new sonobuoy equipment replaced the existing sonos and receivers which, as early as February 1951, were already declared obsolete and were no longer in production. At some point in its career, the 10MR received the AN/ASR-3 diesel submarine exhaust gas detection system, nicknamed “Sniffer”.

While running on its diesel engines in the open sea, even when submerged and snorting, a conventional submarine trailed a cloud of invisible exhaust gases downwind. The Sniffer could detect these emissions and register their presence. By following these gases to their source, the aircraft could close in to visual or radar range, or drop a datum marker for a sonobuoy pattern. The system was also known as “ETI”, or “Exhaust Trail Indicator”. The RCAF placed greater faith in the Sniffer than did the Navy, who did trials with it in 1958-59 but did not apply it operationally".
Lancaster serial KB839 it was on strength in 419 Squadron during WWII and carried out 26 operational missions. Postwar it was modified to the AR configuration and used by 408 Squadron. When it finally came to Greenwood as a display aircraft, it was still in its AR configuration. A team, of which I was a member, modified the aircraft so that it would depict the look of an 10MR Lanc as used by Maritime Command. In short it looks like an MR Lanc complete with an H2S radome and with two Frazer-Nash gun turrets front and back. We also repainted it so that it looks like a 404 Squadron Lanc".

Unless otherwise noted, the data will reflect 10MR and 10MP variants.
Length: 69 feet , 6 in.
Wingspan: 102 feet
Height to tip of tail: 20 feet , 6 in.
Tailplane span: 33 feet
Maximum all up weight: 65,000 pounds maximum
Speed: 184 mph (160 knots) while patrolling ; 317 mph (275 knots) max.
Engines: Four Packard-Merlin 224-5, 12 cylinder, vee-type, liquid cooled engines with two stage supercharger.
Rated at 1640 hp.
Fuel: 100/130 octane avgas.
Fuel capacity: 2,154 Imp gallons in six fuel tanks - three tanks in each wing; Optional 400 Imp gallon auxiliary tank for the 10MP/MR variants [3] ; 300 additional gallons in each of two tanks in 10N and a 400 Imp gallon tank in the 10P.
Oil capacity: One tank for each engine; 37.5 Imp gallons per tank.
Coolant capacity: 47 Imp gals for all four engines.
Armament: One hydraulically operated gun turret in the nose and tail positions. Two .303 Browning machine guns in the front turret and four in the rear turret.
Weapons: Torpedoes, bombs, depth charges, mines.
Bomb housings: 15 housings standard (10S), reduced to nine usable housings on the 10MR after the installation of the long range auxiliary fuel tank.
Total built by Victory Aircraft, Toronto: 430
Crew: Normal crew of 7 consisting of 2 pilots, 1 flight engineer, 2 navigators and 2 radio officers.Est coast squadrons carried 3 radio operators.[4]
Endurance: 8 hours normal patrol; 12 hours maximum
Year taken on strength: 1945
Year struck of strength: Operational retirement started in 1955 when deliveries of the Neptune P2V7 began. All variants struck off charge by 1965.

10AR Arctic Reconnaissance - Similar to photographic reconnaissance variant. Rear observation windows. Extended nose. New search radar. Ten camera systems installed. Additional fuel tanks. Passive ECM. There was also space available on board for SIGINT and electronic intelligence (ELINT) personnel, if they were required. Only three were converted : KB839, KB882 and KB976. It is not clear from available documentation when the government moved from photo-mapping operations to more dedicated intelligence gathering operations in the high Arctic, however the modification of three Lancasters to the Mk 10AR role was completed by early 1952.
10BR Bomber Reconnaissance. Used in early postwar period only. With depth charges and probably with radar. Provision made for optional 1,828 litre ( 400 gal) bomb bay tank.
10DC Drone Carrier . Fitted for carrying two Ryan Firebee drones under each wing. De-icer boots. Rear observation window. One only: KB851.
10MR Maritime Reconnaissance. The 10MR was a modified 10S aircraft. Included was a radar operator's station in rear centre section; sonobuoy operator's station in rear section; day/night, rear-facing F24 cameras; Nose and tail turrets only; Provision made for optional 400 Imp gal (1,828 litre) bomb bay tank. De-icer boots; Rear observation windows.
10MP Maritime Patrol. This was an upgraded 10MR aircraft [2] and the designation became active on 17 July 1956. The H2S radar was replaced with the AN/APS-33 radar and the AN/UPD-501 radar DF set was added as part of the upgrade. Provision made for optional 400 Imp gal fuel tank in bomb bay rack.
10N Long range Navigation trainer. Deletion of gun turrets. Modified first Navigator's position to a Master Navigator's position; a Navigator's position in the nose; an astrodome position in the centre section. A Navigator's position in the rear section. Two 400 Imp gal (1,828 litre) bomb bay tanks. Deicer boots. C2 compass; Loran A; Rebecca. Only five were modified: FM206, FM208, FM211, KB826, and one unnamed.
10O Test aircraft for Avro Orenda jet engines. Outer Merlins were removed and replaced with Orenda jet engines that were used in the CF-100 interceptor program. Had a modified nose and rear observation windows. Two 400 Imp gal (1,828 litre) bomb bay tanks. First flight on July 13, 1950. One only converted, FM209.
10P Photographic Reconnaissance and Photographic Survey. Deletion of gun turrets; introduction of a Navigator's position in the nose section; installation of a Trimet camera array; Fairchild F224 or K17B ordnance survey camera in the rear centre section; Janitrol heater for rear fuselage. Two 400 Imp gal (1,828 litre) bomb bay tanks. De-icer boots. C2 compass; Loran A; Rebecca; low altitude radio altimeter and APU. The 10P photographed the remaining areas of the Canadian Arctic and by 1957 Canadians could look at the resulting maps and see what their large country looked like.
10S Standard postwar bomber. Mid upper turret removed. De-icer boots and APU. The designation 'standard' was allocated to Lancasters for museum or display purposes and also to aircraft held in storage which were used to supply spares for active aircraft.
10SR The 10SR was a Search and Rescue aircraft converted from a 10MP variant with added radios and Lindholme rescue gear. Eight examples were converted.
10U Standard bomber - unmodified. The aircraft were held in storage for any specific role.

10MRs were flown in their their natural aluminum finish.When 10MPs saw service, the belly was painted a light grey but the upper fuselage was left in a natural finish.
One colour photo shows a derelict 405 Squadron example with what appears to be a very pale green underbelly and another of a Comox aircraft showing a light grey underbelly. Ther latter is clearly a 10MP. In both cases, a (black?) lightning bolt runs the entire length of the fuselage and separates the painted underbelly from the unpainted upper sides.
The colours of the propeller spinners were straightforward at the beginning. These were the original colours when the squadrons were formed:
405 Sqn - Yellow
404 Sqn - Light Blue
103 Rescue Unit - Red
407 Sqn - Green
2(M) OTU - White
These colours sometimes changed late at night, after a mess dinner when phantom painters cruised the flight line painting their own colours on the spinners over top of the official colour.

At the end of WWII, the size of the RCAF would be reduced from its wartime high of over 200,000 personnel to approximately 12,000. With an air force of this size, it can be readily seen that the number of crew on large aircraft would be limited. To give the RCAF full functional aircrew, all non-pilot aircrew had to specialize in both radio and navigation.
With this in mind, the training of the first radio ops/navigators began at Clinton Ontario in September 1946. The second course, composed of veteran officers, remustered from aircrew trades declared redundant at the war's end, began training a year later. The graduation parade for this course in May 1948 saw an event unique in the history of the RCAF and Commonwealth Air Forces. For it was in this parade that the graduating radio officers received the first double wings to be worn by aircrew other than pilots.
World events during. the next two years dictated the need for an expanded RCAF and precluded the possibility of training all non-pilot air crew in radio and navigation. The need for increasing numbers of aircrew radio specialists caused the establishment of a separate branch of aircrew known as Radio Officers. The school for training then was set up as a separate training establishment - No. 1 Air Radio Officers School, Clinton, Ontario. The school turned out enough Radio Officers to meet the requirements of the RCAF.

By 1955, the Lancaster era came to an end in the East Coast operational squadrons once delivery of their replacements began. The first of the Greenwood Lancs was dispatched to Amherst, Nova Scotia on June 24, 1955 where it and its stable mates were scheduled to be cannibalized or scrapped. No. 404 Squadron had disposed of theirs by the end of September, and 405 had sent off their aircraft two months later. Nonetheless, the type continued to soldier on in Maritime Air Command. They remained in use with the OTU at Summerside and with Comox-based 407 Squadron until April and May 1959, respectively. Lancasters were completely replaced by the Neptune P2V7.

There are 17 known Avro Lancasters remaining in the world, two of which are in airworthy condition. Although limited flying hours remain on their airframes, actual flying is carefully rationed. One is PA474 of the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight and the other is FM213 belonging to the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum and restored as "VR-A," the "Mynarski Memorial Lancaster" in honour of the Canadian Victoria Cross winner, Andrew Mynarski.
There are only three surviving Lancasters (all non-flying) that actually saw operational service in the Bomber Command campaign over Europe. During the war, Lancasters carried out a total of 156,000 missions and dropped 608,612 tons of bombs. In the four years of combat service, 3,249 Lancasters were lost in action and another 487 were destroyed or damaged while on the ground. Only 24 Lancasters completed more than 100 successful missions.

10 MR and MP Description of the Electronics Suite
10 MR and MP Crew Positions
10 MR and MP Armament
10N, 10P Electronics and Crew Positions
Bomber Command Museum of Canada.
Examples: Arctic patrols; Met flights out over the Pacific collecting radiation samples of Russian nuclear tests;
for a long range, over the Pacific flight when the Queen Mother visited Hawaii; when I took FM159 flew to Ireland for so personnel could attend a JASS course. There was even a flight that had two tanks installed. The 10P had 400 gal tank not 300 in the bomb bay."
Per Gerald (Duke) Dawe. Formerly known as the Nanton Lancaster Society.

C/N #3337 code.. RX136
Built in May.45; Delivered to England in Jun.45 to #32(MU) Lyneham Wilts; issued to #419(HB) squadron for use with Tiger Force on 29.8.45 but to late for that force; stored at Pearce, Alta.; Converted Mk.10MR; issued to #404(MP)Sqdrn.Greenwood, N.S.; later transferred to #407(MR) Sqdrn.Comox, B.C. as code 'RX136' (1952-59); stored at Ft. Macleod, Alta.; put on the C.C.A.Reg as CF-NJQ; placed on a pedestal at Calgary International Airport in the early 60's coded 'VN-N' of #50(B) Sqdrn RAF; put under the care of the then "Aero-Space Museum" now named "The Hangar Flight Museum" of Calgary and removed from the pedestal in Apr.92 and repainted to wartime camouflage with code 'NA-P' of #428(B) Sqdrn RCAF; now displayed in the aircraft park of the museum. It is owned by the City of Calgary Renamed Lady Orchid WLO
KB-895 for Calgary Pilot Ronnie Jenkins. Who aquired the FM-136 for the rememberance monument through the Calgary Lancaster Society as it's President.
POSTED by Richard.